Emergency Housing includes both state-licensed and unlicensed Homeless Shelters and the purchase by local Department of Social Services districts of Emergency Room and Board services. The Office of Temporary Disability Assistance (OTDA) licenses all Homeless Shelters with more than nineteen beds or units; if there are less than 19 beds, there is no State licensure, but local oversight remains with the Departments of Social Services. The length of stay ranges from less than 30 days to more than six months.
Transitional Housing includes all housing programs with an expected length of stay of more than 30 days up to 24 months. Residential programs, such as OASAS-certified intensive residential treatment programs, halfway houses and supportive living units are considered transitional housing. Entities, such as The Association of Addiction Recovery Care Homes and Therapeutic Communities of America represent agencies that operate Transitional Housing Programs.
Permanent Housing includes all housing with an expected length of stay beyond 24 months. OASAS' Shelter Plus Care, New York/ New York III and Upstate Permanent Supportive Housing Program are considered permanent housing. All of OASAS' permanent housing programs include rental subsidies and provide access to supportive services which assist individuals and families achieve greater independence and self-sufficiency. Permanent Supportive Housing can also lead to "turn-key", whereby the lease may be turned over to a tenant who has reached a level of income that is sufficient to assume full rental responsibility.
Both Transitional Housing and Permanent Housing can be organized as:
Scatter-Site setting -- Units in small clusters of 5-10 units in a building, with case management and employment counseling services coming to the housing sites; OR
Congregate setting -- Units in one building with one or several different special need populations.